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Car Rental in Ghana

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Car Rental in Ghana: Understanding Local Driving Laws and Requirements


When visiting Ghana, renting a car can be a convenient and flexible way to explore the country. However, it’s important to understand the local driving laws and requirements to ensure a safe and enjoyable experience.

Driving Laws and Requirements

In Ghana, the minimum age for driving a car is 18 years old. If you plan to rent a car, you will need a valid driver’s license from your home country or an International Driving Permit. It’s also important to note that driving is on the right-hand side of the road in Ghana.

Road Conditions

While major roads in Ghana are generally in good condition, some rural and remote areas may have rough and unpaved roads. It’s important to choose a rental car that is suitable for the type of driving you plan to do.

Renting a Car

There are several international and local car rental companies operating in Ghana, offering a range of vehicles to suit different needs and budgets. It’s recommended to book your rental car in advance, especially during peak tourist seasons.


Renting a car in Ghana can provide the freedom to explore the country at your own pace. By understanding the local driving laws and requirements, as well as choosing the right rental car for your needs, you can have a smooth and enjoyable driving experience in Ghana.

Rental Requirements

When renting a car in Ghana, there are certain requirements that you need to meet in order to be eligible for a rental.

Age Limits

The minimum age for renting a car in Ghana is typically 21 years old, although some rental companies may require you to be at least 25 years old. There may also be a maximum age limit, so it’s important to check with the rental company before making a reservation.

Driving License Requirements

In Ghana, you will need a valid driver’s license in order to rent a car. If you are a foreign visitor, you may also need to obtain an International Driving Permit (IDP) in addition to your local license. Some rental companies may also have a requirement for the duration of time that you have held a driver’s license, so be sure to check on this as well.


When renting a car in Ghana, you will typically need to provide certain documentation, such as a valid passport, a credit card for payment and security deposit, and possibly other forms of identification. It’s important to have all necessary documents in order before arriving at the rental location to ensure a smooth rental process.

Insurance Information

When renting a car in Ghana, it’s important to understand the insurance options available to you.

– Basic Insurance: When you rent a car in Ghana, basic insurance is typically included in the rental price. This may include Collision Damage Waiver (CDW) and Theft Protection, which can provide some coverage in the event of an accident or theft.

– Additional Insurance: In addition to basic insurance, you may have the option to purchase additional coverage. This may include Personal Accident Insurance, which can provide coverage for medical expenses in the event of an accident, and Supplemental Liability Insurance, which can offer increased protection in case of damage to third-party property.

– Insurance Tips: Before renting a car in Ghana, it’s a good idea to check your existing travel insurance policies to see if they provide any coverage for rental cars. Additionally, consider the level of coverage you feel comfortable with and weigh the cost of additional insurance against the potential benefits.

Understanding the insurance options when renting a car in Ghana can help ensure that you have the right level of coverage for your travels.

Local Driving Laws and Regulations in Ghana

General Traffic Rules

Driving Side: In Ghana, driving is on the right side of the road.
Speed Limits: The typical speed limits are 50 km/h in urban areas, 80 km/h on rural roads, and 100 km/h on highways.
Other Useful Info: Traffic signs and signals are in English.

Overtaking and Lane Usage

Overtaking Rules: Overtaking should be done on the left and should be done safely and legally.
Lane Discipline: Drivers should keep to the right except to overtake on multi-lane roads.
Other Useful Info: Be cautious of pedestrians and livestock on rural roads.

Seat Belt and Child Safety

Seat Belt Laws: Seat belts are mandatory for all occupants of the vehicle.
Child Safety: Children under 12 years old should be seated in the back and use a child restraint system if available.
Other Useful Info: Car rental companies can provide child seats upon request.

Use of Mobile Phones

Mobile Phone Restrictions: The use of handheld mobile devices while driving is prohibited.
Other Useful Info: Hands-free devices are allowed for making calls.

Alcohol and Driving

Legal Blood Alcohol Limits: The legal blood alcohol limit is 0.08%.
Zero Tolerance Policies: There are no specific zero tolerance policies for certain drivers.
Other Useful Info: Penalties for DUI/DWI can be severe, including fines and imprisonment.

Tolls and Charges

Toll Roads: There are toll roads in Ghana, and payment is usually in cash.
Congestion Charges: There are no urban congestion charges in Ghana.
Other Useful Info: Toll fees can vary depending on the type of vehicle.

Roundabouts and Intersections

Navigating Roundabouts: Roundabouts are common, and drivers should give way to vehicles on their right.
Intersection Rules: Traffic signals and signs dictate right of way at intersections.
Other Useful Info: Be cautious of erratic driving behavior by other road users.

Headlight and Windshield Wiper Laws

Headlight Usage: Headlights should be used at night and during adverse weather conditions.
Windshield Wiper Rule: There is no specific requirement to turn on headlights when using wipers.
Other Useful Info: It is advisable to use headlights at all times for visibility.

Emergency Vehicles

Right of Way for Emergency Vehicles: Emergency vehicles have the right of way, and drivers should pull over to let them pass.
Other Useful Info: Be aware of sirens and flashing lights of emergency vehicles.

Driving Tips for Ghana

Road Conditions

In Ghana, road conditions can vary widely. While major highways are generally well-maintained, secondary roads may be rough and uneven. It is important to be cautious and drive at a moderate speed, especially during the rainy season when potholes can be more prevalent.

Urban vs. Rural Driving

Driving in urban areas such as Accra and Kumasi can be hectic, with heavy traffic and aggressive driving styles. In rural areas, roads may be narrower and less well-maintained. It is important to be aware of the differences in driving styles and adjust your driving accordingly.

Navigational Tips

While GPS can be helpful, it is not always reliable in Ghana. It is recommended to have a good road map as a backup. Additionally, familiarize yourself with local landmarks and use them for navigation.

Other Useful Tips

– Drive on the right-hand side of the road.
– Be cautious of pedestrians and livestock on the roads, especially in rural areas.
– Be aware of police checkpoints and adhere to traffic regulations to avoid fines.
– Carry your driver’s license, vehicle registration, and insurance documents at all times.
– Be prepared for unexpected road conditions and plan your journey accordingly.

Roadside Assistance and Emergency Procedures

Breakdown Procedures

If you experience a breakdown while driving a rental car in Ghana, the first step is to safely pull over to the side of the road. Turn on your hazard lights to alert other drivers, and then contact the rental company to inform them of the situation. They will provide instructions on the next steps to take, which may include waiting for roadside assistance to arrive.

Emergency Services

In the event of a more serious emergency, it’s important to have the contact numbers for local authorities and emergency services. The police can be reached by dialing 191, while the ambulance service can be reached at 193. Additionally, most rental companies in Ghana provide their own roadside assistance services, and their contact information should be readily available in the rental agreement or on the company’s website.

Rental Company Policies

Before renting a car in Ghana, it’s important to understand the support offered by the rental company in case of a breakdown or emergency. Many rental companies provide 24/7 assistance and towing services as part of their rental policies. It’s recommended to familiarize yourself with these policies before setting out on your journey to ensure a smooth and safe driving experience.

Where can you Rent a Car in Ghana?

You can browse all the city locations below, sorted alphabetically. Use Ctrl+F (or Cmd+F on a Mac) to quickly find the one you want to explore.